Some Basic Supply Chain Terms

Some basic supply chain terms:

MAKE TO ORDER: This is based on Customer specification, you make the product and supply it to them. This is applicable for Engineering items or any Product which you can make based on Customer order

Example: Engineering Items

ASSEMBLE TO ORDER: This is you have items in parts and it needs to be assembled according to customer requirements

For example you have Laptop coming with standard configuration of 160GB Hard disk and 1 GB RAM. But there are customer orders coming in asking for 200GB Hard Disk and 2 GB RAM and if you can assemble them to suit Customer Requirement

CONFIGURE TO ORDER: This is Configuring the Product itself to suit
Customer requirements

Example. The Thread Manufacturing unit Machineries are configured. I have seen Laxmi Machine Works in INDIA which manufactures textile Machineries configure the machineries based on No.of spindles

PICK TO ORDER: This is same as Computer Example in ATO. But the
difference is the Customer will supply the items in parts to you and you
have to assemble at your own place. (i.e) Customer premises

ENGINEER TO ORDER: This is for AIRLINE and SHIP BUILDING based on Customer engineering Drawings

MAKE TO STOCK: Standard Components made and readily available for Sale. Example: Mobile, DVD, TV etc.,

Differences between HR:Security Profile & MO:Security Profile

HR:Security Profile and MO:Security Profile are used for MOAC (Multi-Org-Access-Control).
HR:Security Profile is used to restrict the data in Human Resources according to the Business Group or whatever criteria you define in this security profile. Thus, for HR, it uses this secuity profile in its data exposure to the user.
MO:Security Profile acts the same but is used for Financials and Manufacturing applications. It restricts the access (site level or can be set at responsibility level) to certain operating unit (or whatever criteria defined in the security profile).
If there is no value at MO:Security Profile, then Financials and Manufacturing use the HR:Security Profile option for their data exposure to users.

Multi-Org features in Oracle EBS 11i and R12

Generally, Oracle 11i fulfills multi-org feature by the views in apps schema; while Oracle R12 fulfills the feature by Virtual Private Database feature.

In 11i,  the base table are created by product schema, e.g. oe_order_headers_all in ont db schema. In apps schema, there’s a view called oe_order_headers, which has a where clause like “org_id = SUBSTRB (USERENV (‘CLIENT_INFO’), 1, 10)” . So every user accessed application has his own userenv, then every user can access his own org’s data.

In R12, the base table are also created by product schema, e.g. oe_order_haders_all in ont schema. In apps schema, there’s a Synonym oe_order_headers with VPD feature to fulfill the multi-org feature.

In 11i, we set MO: Operating Unit profile on the responsibility level, then all of user logged from this responsibility has this OU(org_id) client info, so this user can only access this operating unit data from this responsibility.

In R12, we set up a security profile, which can include several operating units, then we assign this security profile to the profile option “MO: Security Profile” on the responsibility level.  The user logged from this responsibility can access all of OUs’ data  in the security profile.

Adding a New Operating Unit


The following steps are required to add new operating units to your organizational structure:
1.1 Revise the Organization Structure.
1.2 Define Sets of Books (optional).
1.3 Define Locations.
1.4. Define Organizations and Relationships.

2.1 Define Responsibilities.
2.2 Set Profile Options for Each Responsibility linked to the new Operating Unit.
1.1. HR: Business Group
1.2  HR: Security Option
1.3: HR: User Type (FOR accessing HRMS functions)
1.4  HR: Cross Business Group
2.1. GL: Set of Books(11i)
2.1  GL:%Ledger%  (R12)
2.3  GL: Data Access Set. This profile option to control the ledgers that can be used by Oracle General Ledger.
3.1. MO: Operating Unit
3.2. MO: Security Profile (R12)
3.3. MO: Default Operating Unit
4.1 Tax: Allow Override of Tax Code
4.2 Tax: Invoice Freight as Revenue
4.3 Tax: Inventory Item for Freight
5.1 Sequential Numbering
5.2 INV: Intercompany Currency Conversion
2.3 Run the Replicate Seed Data concurrent program.

3.1 Define Inventory Organization Security.
3.2 Define Intercompany Relations (optional).
3.3 Implement the Application Products.

4.1 Secure Balancing Segment Values (optional).
4.2 Run the Setup Validation Report (recommended).
4.3 Implement Document Sequencing (optional).
4.4 Set the top reporting level (optional).
4.5 Set up conflict domains (optional).

All SO lines are closed but SO is still “Booked”. Why?

If you are still use the Oracle standard workflow “Order Flow – Generic” and “Close – Order”,  Oracle will close the order header by the last day of the month when all the lines are closed.  Sometimes it makes your user a little confused.

If you need to close the order header as soon as all order lines are closed, please refer to metalink document 397364.1 to customize above two workflows or email me to discuss.